Updated September 8, 2020
Just like the nails on your hands and feet, ducks have nails sheathed in keratin on their feet. And just like us, this consistently growing material needs to be maintained for their health. A duck in a sanctuary environment of frequent straw and dirt underfoot might not have enough rough surfaces to naturally wear down their nails, so you should plan to assess their nail length and trim as needed when you conduct a duck health examination.
Signs You Should Step In
You should schedule a trimming if a duck’s toenails grow to the length where they begin to grow far past their toe tips, become dangerously sharp, begin to curl, or become ingrown (sometimes in circumstances where they don’t have enough hard surfaces to scratch against, sometimes by virtue of their genetics).
Carefully corral and pick up the duck. If they’re too stressed to be held, you must set them down and give them time to calm down before trying again. This process may be aided with a second set of helping hands holding the duck if you or the bird are nervous!
How To Trim A Duck’s Nails
Trimming a duck’s nails is very similar to trimming a cat’s or dog’s nails. Like cats and dogs, ducks also have a sensitive area made of soft tissue in the center of their claws known as the quick. Unfortunately, some duck nails tend to be dark and, therefore, much more difficult to identify where the quick begins. Cutting the quick by accident can be painful and bloody, so it’s important to be very mindful about how much you trim.
You can make the process of nail trimming easier by soaking their feet in warm water or cleaning them thoroughly with a damp rag prior to trimming. Soaking softens the nails which makes them much easier to clip without the nail splitting. Clean toes also make the quick much easier to identify!
Gently rotate the bird onto their side if it doesn’t cause respiratory issues or stress. Cradle the duck into your arm to keep their wings secure. They should calm down a bit after some secure, gentle holding. If by yourself, use one hand to hold their foot and the other to do the trimming. Secure their foot with your thumb and forefinger to hold it still. They might be touchy- this isn’t out of pain but because of distaste towards their feet being touched.
Using a cleaned pair of pet or human toenail clippers, trim a very small amount of the duck’s nails at a time to prevent accidental quick cutting. Each time you snip, take a look at the remaining nail. If it changes hue even slightly, you’re very close to the quick and should stop trimming. If the nail is still too long and you’re near the quick (as it grows and recedes depending on overall nail length), you can wait a few weeks for the quick to retreat and then trim a little more, repeating the process of trimming and waiting until their nails reach a safe length.
In some instances, after you’ve trimmed the nails you may need to file down the remaining rough edges with an emery board or nail file to protect the duck from injuring themself when they scratch. Make sure to clean nail clippers if they become dirty or come into contact with blood from hitting the quick before using them to trim another individual’s nails.
If You Draw Blood
If you accidentally draw blood, apply an astringent like a styptic pencil, styptic powder (such as Quick Stop), alum, or witch hazel. You can also dip the wound in cornstarch or flour to encourage natural clotting. Lacking these tools, you can also use a piece of toilet paper as if you’d nicked yourself shaving! If the bleeding doesn’t stop, you can use the tip of your finger to apply pressure for up to a minute and repeating until any bleeding ends. If you’re going to return a duck with a nicked quick to the flock, be sure to wait until the blood is definitely stopped and cleaned as ducks sometimes like to bully flockmates who have open wounds.
Once you’ve managed a few ducks’ nails, you’ll be a proud poultry pedicure provider in no time!
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